The Canadian Population Health Initiative (CPHI) of the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) is pleased to release Urban Physical Environments and Health Inequalities: A Scoping Review of Interventions, the second report in a two-part series focused on urban physical environments. The first report in the series, Urban Physical Environments and Health Inequalities, presented analyses on outdoor air pollution and heat extremes and their relationship to socio-economic status and health. In the second report, we explore interventions in urban physical environments and their potential to mitigate health inequalities.
The first section of the report showcases a range of interventions and their respective characteristics, with a particular emphasis on the state of evaluation of the interventions found during our scoping efforts. In the second section, we introduce a framework that clarifies the components of an equity lens and look at how the concept of equity has been integrated into various interventions. This framework will be useful to those who want to enrich their understanding of equity as a concept and to those who are interested in building equity into activities intended to improve health and urban physical environments.
The report can be downloaded at the following link: here.